Abstract, originally published in Seizure
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the add-on treatment of stiripentol (STP) in adult patients with severely pharmacoresistant focal or multifocal epilepsy.
Methods: Data on adult patients treated with STP from March 2007 to July 2020 and with at least one clinical follow-up (FU) were retrospectively reviewed. Data on tolerability, efficacy and concomitant medication were evaluated at baseline, 6 months (5.5 ± 1.6 months (mean ± SD)) and 12 months (13.1 ± 3.9 months (mean ± SD)).
Results: Data of 22 patients (54.5% male, mean age 34.4 ± 17.79 years (mean ± SD), including mean duration of epilepsy 17.6 ± 25.5 years (mean ± SD), median seizure frequency 30 ± 20 (median ± MAD) per month, and 63.6% being severely intellectually disabled, with 3 to 18 previous anti-seizure-drugs (ASD), were collected. After 6 months, 72.7% of the patients were still taking STP, and 31% of the patients were responders, including 13% who were seizure-free. The 12-month retention rate was 54.4 %, the response rate was 36.4% and 13.6% of patients were seizure-free at the 12-month FU. Reasons for discontinuation were increased seizure frequency, hyperammonaemia and encephalopathy.
Conclusion: Stiripentol seems to be a useful option in the treatment of patients with severely pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Prospective trials are necessary to examine the efficacy of stiripentol in adult patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy.