Vigabatrin is indicated as adjunctive therapy for refractory focal seizures. For children, European recommendations indicate maintenance doses varying from 30 to 100?mg/kg/day for this indication. Since cumulated dose was associated with retinal toxicity, it is essential to administrate the lowest effective dose to patients.
This work was conducted with the purpose to determine the pediatric doses of vigabatrin that allow a similar exposure than effective doses in adults (2-3?g/day) through a pharmacokinetic (PK) study, using both pediatric and adult data.
For this study, we focused on the active S(+) enantiomer of vigabatrin. First, the adult effective exposition range of vigabatrin-S was determined from an adult PK model. Then, this same model was scaled to the pediatric population using allometry and maturation principles to account for growth and development. The ability of the model to predict pediatric data was assessed by comparing population predictions with observed pediatric data. Finally, the extrapolated pediatric model was used to simulate pediatric expositions which were compared to the adult exposition range (36.5-77.9?mg.h/L).
From those simulations, we determined that, for children aged between 3 months and 18 years, doses between 40 and 50?mg/kg/day allow vigabatrin-S expositions similar to those found in adults at the recommended posology. We proposed those doses as optimal maintenance doses that may be increased, if necessary, by slow titration.