Abstract published in PubMed
The focal epilepsy is a chronic neurological brain disorder which affects millions of people in the world. There is emerging evidence that changes in the gut microbiota may have effects on epileptic seizures. In the present study, we examined the effect of probiotics on penicillin-induced focal seizure model in rats. Male Wistar Albino rats (n: 21) were randomly divided into three groups: control (no medication), penicillin and penicillin + probiotic. Probiotic VSL#3 (12.86 bn living bacteria/kg/day) was given by gavage for 30 days. The seizures were induced by intracortical injection of penicillin G (500 IU) into the cortex. An ECoG recordings were made for 180 min after penicillin G application. The spike frequency and the amplitude were used to assess the severity of seizures. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF-?), nitric oxide (NO) and interleukin (IL-6) levels in the brain were studied biochemically. Our results indicated that probiotic supplementation improved focal seizures through increasing the latency (p < 0.001) and decreasing the spike frequency (p < 0.01) compared to the penicillin group. Penicillin-induced seizure in rats significantly enhanced TNF-? (p < 0.01), NO (p < 0.01) and IL-6 (p < 0.05) compared to the control. Probiotic supplementation significantly decreased IL-6 (p < 0.05), TNF-? (p < 0.01) and NO (p < 0.001) compared to the penicillin group. When the body weights were compared before and after the experiment, there was no difference between the control and penicillin groups, but it was observed that the body weight decreased after probiotic supplementation in the penicillin + probiotic group.
Probiotic supplementation may have anti-seizure effect by reducing proinflammatory cytokine and nitric oxide levels in epileptic rat brain.