OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate unusual ictal propagation patterns in patients with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and reveal their electrophysiological, neuroimaging, and prognostic properties after surgery.
METHODS: Among 248 patients with TLE who underwent scalp video-electroencephalographic (EEG) monitoring, 24 patients with ‘switch of lateralization’ or ‘bilateral asynchrony’ in at least one of their seizures (9.3%) were analyzed retrospectively. The postoperative outcome was determined in 16 patients who had undergone epilepsy surgery.
RESULTS: All but 5 of the included patients had hippocampal sclerosis (HS) as their magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. Twelve out of 16 patients (75%) who had surgery were seizure-free for at least 1?year. Nine out of 12 patients (75%) with good outcome had unilateral interictal EEG discharges in temporal regions whereas 3 out of 4 patients with poor outcome had bilateral temporal interictal spiking (p?=?0.018).
CONCLUSION: Unusual ictal propagation patterns are not always related to poor prognosis after surgery in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Patients with unilateral interictal spiking in the temporal region tend to have good outcome despite these unusual patterns. These patterns can also be seen in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy with other etiologies besides the well-known HS in MRI.