Abstract found on PubMed
Status epilepticus (SE) is a very heterogeneous clinical condition often refractory to available treatment options. Evidence in animal models shows that neuroinflammation arises in the brain during SE due to the activation of innate immune mechanisms in brain parenchyma cells. Intervention studies in animal models support the involvement of neuroinflammation in SE onset, duration, and severity, refractoriness to treatments, and long-term neurological consequences. Clinical evidence shows that neuroinflammation occurs in patients with SE of diverse etiologies likely representing a common phenomenon, thus broadening the involvement of the immune system beyond the infective and autoimmune etiologies. There is urgent need for novel therapies for refractory SE that rely upon a better understanding of the basic mechanisms underlying this clinical condition. Preclinical and clinical evidence encourage consideration of specific anti-inflammatory treatments for controlling SE and its consequences in patients.